History of Geo- and Space Sciences (HGSS)
Open Access – Personalized Copyright under a Creative Commons License
Indexed in Scopus and ADS . Included in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) as well as in the Bodleian Library (UK) , Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (D) and Library of Congress (USA) . Long-term e-archived in Portico and CLOCKSS .
News: New translation of a famous paper by Gauss
04 February 2014
In 1839 Carl Friedrich Gauss published his famous article "Allgemeine Theorie des Erdmagnetismus" ("General Theory of Terrestrial Magnetism"), wherein he developed the expansion of the geomagnetic field in terms of spherical harmonics and derived coefficients of this series from worldwide geomagnetic observations. In 1841 this paper was translated into English by Elisabeth Juliana Sabine, wife of the well-known British scientist Edward Sabine. The Sabines and Gauss knew each other personally: they had met several times.
Karl-Heinz Glassmeier (Institut für Geophysik, Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany) and Bruce Tsurutani (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, USA) now present a new translation, eliminating errors and deficiencies of Sabine's first translation. In addition, they have included numerous remarks on the work of Gauss, additional observational material, and bibliographical details on contemporary scientists cited by Gauss.
The paper was published in February 2014. It can be read and downloaded free of charge from the Online Library.
Executive Editor of HGSS
Aims and Scope
Science is very much a logical progression through time. Advances are frequently built upon and underpinned by ideas and understandings developed in the past, sometimes under circumstances which may no longer hold the same degree of validity. Each scientist works within a conceptual framework and can benefit and perhaps make advances by understanding the historical basis of that framework. Moreover, research in geosciences is often based on long-term observations (and collecting of data). It is therefore necessary to learn about the origin of these data and the way they have been passed on to us, as well as about the authors, their instruments, institutions and field studies. It is also important to understand development of the ideas, the research process and the institutions in which former scientists in the field worked, in order to understand the scientific development of the subject area, and also its importance in a societal context.
These reflections led to the desire to establish a special journal for contributions of historical questions and aspects of geosciences which should cover all related fields from the Earth core over the lithosphere, the ocean, the cryosphere into the atmosphere and near-Earth space (including geology, geodesy, hydrology, marine science, meteorology, seismology as well). History of astronomy is not a topic of the journal.
The journal History of Geo- and Space Sciences (HGSS) should be a platform for original research articles, review papers, and short notices, as well as book reviews and conference reports. The journal's remit is the publishing of original historical research, including new interpretations of historical material, facts and established knowledge. The journal should also improve and accelerate communication between scientists working in and interested in historical aspects of the above fields.
The journal's scope is to document historical facts and knowledge, and to improve awareness of the history of geoscience. The knowledge of the development of geosciences and their experimental methods and theories in the past can improve our current understanding and may stimulate current research. It can be encouraging for young scientists to read biographical material of historical figures in their research area. It is important as well to learn that history of science is an integrated part of the on going research in their research area. Another important aim of the journal is the association of historical retrospective and current research.
All manuscripts will be peer-reviewed by two referees.
History of Geo- and Space Sciences (HGSS) is published by the Copernicus GmbH (Copernicus Publications).